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Ein Pfadfinder ist ein Angehöriger einer internationalen, religiös und politisch unabhängigen Erziehungsbewegung für Kinder und Jugendliche, die Menschen aller Nationalitäten und Glaubensrichtungen offensteht. Die Boy Scouts of America (BSA) sind der größte US-amerikanische Jugendverband. Die Pfadfinderorganisation ist Mitglied der World Organization of the Scout. La gita con i boy scout è questo weekend. Der Pfadfinder Ausflug ist an diesem Wochenende. I nanorobot faranno sembrare i patrioti dei boy scout, a confronto. Questi boy-scout sono cresciuti di 30 centimetri dall'anno scorso. Diese Pfadfinder sind seit letztem Jahr 30cm gewachsen. lnnane'itutto, mi hai raccomandato tu. Englisch-Deutsch-Übersetzungen für boy scout im Online-Wörterbuch mattekarlsson.se (Deutschwörterbuch).
Lernen Sie die Übersetzung für 'boy scout' in LEOs Englisch ⇔ Deutsch Wörterbuch. Mit Flexionstabellen der verschiedenen Fälle und Zeiten ✓ Aussprache. Übersetzung für 'boy-scout' im kostenlosen Italienisch-Deutsch Wörterbuch von LANGENSCHEIDT – mit Beispielen, Synonymen und Aussprache. Questi boy-scout sono cresciuti di 30 centimetri dall'anno scorso. Diese Pfadfinder sind seit letztem Jahr 30cm gewachsen. lnnane'itutto, mi hai raccomandato tu.
Local chartering organizations are still permitted to set their own standards based on religious principle for selecting the adult volunteers for their unit.
On January 30, , the Boy Scouts of America announced that transgender children who identify as boys would be allowed to enroll in boys-only programs, effective immediately.
Previously, the sex listed on an applicant's birth certificate determined eligibility for these programs; going forward, the decision would be based on the gender listed on the application.
On October 11, , the Boy Scouts of America announced that girls would be welcomed into Cub Scouts beginning in fall of , with an early adopter program beginning on January 15, in councils that wish to participate early.
The announcement included the statement that girls in Cub Scouting will simply be called "Cub Scouts" but that a name would need to be given to the new Boy Scout equivalent program for girls that will launch on February 1, ; the name will be "Scouts BSA".
Cub Scouts wear a uniform that gives each Scout a level of identity within the den, the pack and the community. The Scouts learn teamwork by meeting and working together in a den of four to ten boys or girls under adult leadership.
They learn and apply the ideals codified in the Scout Oath and the Scout Law through an advancement system using age-based ranks earned by completing required and elective adventures.
Some advancement is done in the home and is intended to involve the entire family and many Cub Scout activities include family members.
They wear a uniform and work together in patrols of four to ten boys with an elected patrol leader, who then appoints an assistant patrol leader.
Scouts share responsibilities, apply skills learned at meetings and live together in the outdoors. The advancement system provides opportunities for personal growth and self-reliance.
Venturers are expected to know and live by the Venturing Oath and Venturing Code. Venturers plan and participate in interdependent group experiences dependent on cooperation.
An emphasis on high adventure provides opportunities for team-building and practical leadership applications.
A series of awards provide opportunities for recognition and personal growth. In October , the National Council announced that, as a result of the findings and recommendations of a select committee made up of volunteer Scouters, the Cub Scout and Venturing programs would transition to use of the Scout Oath and Law, and in the case of the Venturers, the Boy Scout three-finger salute and sign as well.
The Venturing change was expected to occur in late or early ; and the Cub Scout change in mid A Scout who attains this rank is called an Eagle Scout.
Since its introduction in , the Eagle Scout rank has been earned by more than two million young men. Requirements include earning at least 21 merit badges and demonstrating Scout Spirit through the Scout Oath and Law, service, and leadership all before or by age This includes an extensive service project that the Scout plans, organizes, leads, and manages.
Eagle Scouts are presented with a medal and a badge that visibly recognizes the accomplishments of the Scout.
Additional recognition can be earned through Eagle Palms, awarded for completing additional tenure, leadership, and merit badge requirements.
Since February , girls have been eligible to earn ranks and merit badges including Eagle Scout, following the same requirements as boys.
Since the minimum time required time to earn Eagle Scout is about 18 months, a time extension has been allowed, ostensibly to ease the transition into the era of the first female Eagle Scout candidates.
All scouts who were older than 16 but not yet 18 years of age on February 1, will be allowed up to 24 months to complete the Eagle rank.
It is usually held every four years, with some adjustment for special years such as the National Scout Jamboree that celebrated the BSA centennial.
The first jamboree was held in at the Washington Monument in Washington, D. Beginning in , the jamboree has been held at Fort A.
Hill , Virginia. A permanent location owned by the BSA was sought in for future jamborees, high adventure programs and training.
The Boy Scouts of America operates several high-adventure bases at the national level. Each offers a wide range of programs and training; a typical core program may include sailing, wilderness canoeing or wilderness backpacking trips.
The BSA offers a wide variety of mandatory and optional training programs in youth protection, outdoor skills and leadership. Position-specific training is then offered for all direct-contact leaders.
Supplemental skill-specific training is also available to BSA volunteers to gain knowledge in outdoors skills including camping, hiking, first aid, Leave No Trace, swim safety, climbing safety, hazardous weather, and other skills.
The highest level of BSA training is Wood Badge ,  focused on helping participants develop leadership skills while participating in an outdoor program over two weekends.
Some councils offer high-adventure training for adults using the Powder Horn program. Scout youth leaders may attend the unit-level Introduction to Leadership Skills for Troops.
Crew officers can attend Crew Officer Orientation, and then a council-provided Kodiak leadership training program .
Order of the Arrow members may attend the National Leadership Seminar, run multiple times each year by each region. Some online training is offered, but most areas require an in-person week-long training program at one of the National Camping Schools.
The regular-size patch may be worn on the right breast shirt pocket, in the temporary patch spot. Scouts see nature as an adventurous place, and it is expected that when they get older the experience from their youth will make them nature lovers.
Scouts envisage nature as a heritage. Your thanks. The National Council is the corporate membership of the Boy Scouts of America and consists of volunteer Scouters who meet annually.
The day-to-day operations of the National Council are administered by the Chief Scout Executive and other national professional staff.
National Council members include volunteers who are elected National Officers and Executive Board members, regional presidents, the local council representatives, members at large, and honorary members.
The national headquarters has been in Irving, Texas since Since the founding of the BSA in , the President of the United States has served as the organization's honorary president during his term in office, former presidents serve as honorary vice presidents for their lifetimes.
The National Executive Board consisted of 79 members. The board is led by the national president , a volunteer elected by the National Council.
Board members included regular elected members, regional presidents, and up to five appointed youth members. The Chief Scout Executive is the board secretary and non-voting member.
The National Executive Board has a number of standing committees that correspond to the professional staff organization of the National Council.
The Program Impact Division is responsible for developing the Scouting program and includes the volunteer committees and staff working on volunteer training, youth development, and other program impact needs.
Other divisions provides support for the world and national jamborees and International Scouting relations. The Membership Impact Division works to sustain marketing efforts and relationships with the national organizations that make up the predominant number of chartered organizations, such as Lions International , Rotary International , Kiwanis International , American Legion , Elks , VFW , and all religious denominations chartering BSA units.
The National Supply Group is responsible for developing and selling uniforms, apparel, insignia, literature, and equipment.
It sells equipment and supplies through National Scout Shops, local council trading posts, authorized independent resellers, and online at ScoutShop.
Supply Group also licenses trademarks for use by other commercial vendors. The Administrative Group provides internal administration service and support.
It includes the Marketing and Communications Division responsible for marketing the BSA program, administering the national websites, and publishing Scouting for adult leaders and Boys' Life for youth.
Exhibits include high adventure sections, hands-on learning experiences, interactive exhibits, and a historical collection tracing uniforms, themes, and documents from the beginning of the Scouting movement in America.
Each region has a volunteer president, assisted by volunteer officers, board members, and committee members. The day-to-day work of Scouting is managed by the regional director, assistant and associate regional directors, and area directors.
Regions and areas are subdivisions of the National Council and do not have a corporate status separate from the BSA.
The BSA program is administered through local councils, with each council covering a geopolitical area that may vary from a single city to an entire state.
Councils receive an annual charter from the National Council and are usually incorporated as a charitable organization.
The council level organization is similar to that of the National Council. The council executive board is headed by the council president and is made up of annually elected local community leaders.
Board members serve without pay and some are volunteer Scouters working at the unit level. Youth members may be elected to the council executive board according to the council by-laws.
The Scout executive manages council operations—including finance, property management, advancement and awards, registrations, and Scout Shop sales—with a staff of other professionals and para-professionals.
Volunteer commissioners lead the unit service functions of the council, help maintain the standards of the BSA, and assure a healthy unit program.
The Direct Service branch makes the Scouting movement available to US citizens and their dependents living in countries outside these jurisdictions or in isolated areas.
The Greater New York Councils are unique in that they are divided into five boroughs with each led by a borough Scout executive and each borough then divided into districts.
Councils are divided into districts with leadership provided by the district executive, district chairman, and the district commissioner.
Boroughs and districts are subdivisions of the local council and do not have a separate corporate status. The Boy Scouts of America partners with community organizations, such as religious congregations, fraternal groups, service clubs, and other community associations, to provide the Scouting program for the particular neighborhood or community in which the particular organization wishes to reach out to youth and families.
These organizations hold charters issued by the BSA and are known then as chartered organizations. Each chartered organization provides the meeting place for BSA youth, oversees the volunteer leaders, and agrees to follow the basic BSA safety policies and values-based program, and the organization is considered the "owner" of its local program, much like a franchise.
Within each chartered organization, there may be one or more "units". A unit is a group of youth and adults which are collectively designated as a Cub Scout pack, Boy Scout troop, Venturing crew, or Sea Scout ship.
Each chartered organization may charter as many units as it wishes, but usually only 3 or 4 one unit for each program level. The BSA council provides the leader training, inter-unit activities, camping programs, volunteer and professional support, and insurance coverage.
Units also create their own activities such as monthly camping trips, outings, or service projects , and most meet weekly at the place of the chartered organization for youth to learn basic skill development and practice leadership in small groups known as dens and patrols.
It adopted the program in as part of its Mutual Improvement Association program for young men,  and it was the largest single sponsor of scouting until it ceased sponsoring scouting units   at the end of The BSA at its peak reportedly had 4.
In addition to donations from individuals, the BSA receives extensive donations from major corporations. Prominent Americans in diverse walks of life, from filmmaker Steven Spielberg who helped launch a merit badge in cinematography to adventurer Steve Fossett to U.
President Gerald Ford said, "I can say without hesitation, because of Scouting principles, I know I was a better athlete, I was a better naval officer, I was a better congressman, and I was a better prepared President.
Famed American illustrator Norman Rockwell 's works were closely associated with the Boy Scouts of America for much of the 20th century.
He also drew the organization's annual calendar illustrations between and As part of the US Bicentennial celebrations in , Rockwell's Scouting paintings toured the nation and were viewed by , people.
Townley cited such examples as how Scouts, especially Eagle Scouts, were disproportionately represented among Hurricane Katrina 's volunteer relief workers; just as they are disproportionately represented among members of the United States Senate.
Scouting has a huge positive impact on boys and their lives, and that in turn positively impacts our communities and society as a whole.
Mayor of New York City and business tycoon Michael Bloomberg , said that the BSA's Scout Law required of all Boy Scouts—a Scout is trustworthy, loyal, helpful, friendly, courteous, kind, obedient, cheerful, thrifty, brave, clean, and reverent—are "all the American values Americans have quaintly simplistic ways and direct ways of phrasing things I think it's one of the great strengths of this country.
Peter Applebome , an editor of The New York Times , wrote in of his experience as an adult participating with his son in Scouting activities, "I feel lucky to have had this unexpected vehicle to share my son's youth, to shape it, and to be shaped by it as well.
Scouting's genuinely egalitarian goals and instincts are more important now than they've ever been. It's one of the only things that kids do that's genuinely cooperative, not competitive.
At the turn of the 20th century, Halloween had turned into a night of vandalism , with destruction of property and cruelty to animals and people.
The Boy Scouts of America are quite particular about how and when the Scout uniforms and insignia may be used in film and other portrayals; and for that reason, most films and television productions made in the US utilize "ersatz" Scouting organizations.
It was released to theaters in and re-released in Another is the final scene of The Sopranos television show, where Tony Soprano sits down to dinner in a restaurant.
At another table, several Cub Scouts, in full uniform, are seated. The first national Good Turn was the promotion of a safe and sane Fourth of July in In October , the Department of the Interior expanded the program with the creation of Take Pride in America , opening service to all Americans.
Scouting sex-abuse cases are situations where youth involved in Scouting programs have been sexually abused by someone who is also involved in the Scouting program.
Tarr, a US Chief Scout Executive in the s, was quoted in an article regarding sexual assault cases against Scout leaders across all 50 states: "That's been an issue since the Boy Scouts began.
In the s BSA developed its Youth Protection program, to educate youth, leaders and parents about the problem as a whole, and to introduce barriers to sexual abuse of children using the Scout program to reach victims.
Before joining, youth must discuss with their parents a pamphlet on sexual abuse and adults must take youth protection training and, since , new adult members must pass a criminal background check adults who were already members had to pass a background check by In recent decades, membership in the BSA and income have significantly declined.
The annual report states that the BSA may have "to pay damages out of its own funds to the extent the claims are not covered by insurance or if the insurance carriers are unable or unwilling to honor the claims.
Accordingly, the BSA hired a law firm in December to investigate filing for chapter 11 bankruptcy. The bankruptcy filing came at a time when the organization faced hundreds of sexual abuse lawsuits.
As a result of the filing, all civil litigation against the organization was suspended. Due to reports surfacing in the s and s regarding a high level of bullying in the Boy Scouts, efforts were made to develop a no-tolerance bully policy within the Boy Scouts of America.
One of the more widely published accounts of Boy Scout bullying occurred in July when a Boy Scout at the Goshen Scout Reservation was severely beaten in his sleep by several other Scouts.
The incident resulted in the Goshen staff changing the layout of its campsites, to prevent having sites in extremely isolated areas, as well as assigning camp staff members to each visiting troop as "advisors" and also to watch for fights or other trouble resulting from conflicts developing at the various campsites.
In the 21st century, the Boy Scouts have adopted a "Bullying Awareness Program" which trains adults to recognize the signs of bullying, especially in isolated environments such as extended campouts in the wilderness or at summer camp.
Parents are also advised on what to do, and whom to contact, should a Scout state they are being bullied by other Scouts.
Dealing with the bullies themselves is also addressed, in particular those bullies who "game the system", pretending to be compassionate and apologetic to bully victims when adults confront them, only to return to such behaviors when the adults are no longer present.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Scouting organization in the United States. Charles Alexander Eastman William D.
The purposes of the corporation are to promote, through organization, and cooperation with other agencies, the ability of boys to do things for themselves and others, to train them in scoutcraft , and to teach them patriotism, courage, self-reliance, and kindred virtues, using the methods that were in common use by boy scouts on June 15, Main article: Boy Scouts of America membership controversies.
See also: Advancement and recognition in the Boy Scouts of America. Play media. Main article: Leadership training Boy Scouts of America.
Main article: Scout councils Boy Scouts of America. See also: List of defunct councils Boy Scouts of America.
See also: List of council camps Boy Scouts of America. Boy Scouts of America. Retrieved April 17, University of Maine.
Archived from the original PDF on September 10, Retrieved July 19, University of Wisconsin Press. Allen One Hundred Years of Scouts at Brownsea".
The National Trust Magazine. Retrieved June 24, West and the History of the Boy Scouts of America. American Heritage. New York: St. Martin's Press.
Archived from the original on May 29, Retrieved June 22, New York: Boy Scouts of America. Scouting Service Project.
Archived from the original on May 17, Retrieved July 22, Retrieved October 20, Here's what that means".
October 11, San Antonio Express News. The Associated Press. February 12, Code: Title April 8, Congressional Research Service.
Order Code RL Archived from the original PDF on October 30, Retrieved June 17, Retrieved September 25, Order Code RS January 23, September 12, Archived from the original PDF on June 12, Retrieved June 7, Children can be Scouts if they have completed the fifth grade and are at least 10 years old, OR have earned the Arrow of Light Award and are at least 10 years old, OR are age 11 but have not reached age Venturers and Sea Scouts registered in a crew or ship prior to their 21st birthday may continue as members after their 21st birthday until the crew or ship recharters or until they reach their 22nd birthday, whichever comes first.
May 2, Archived from the original on July 1, Retrieved June 28, The New Book of Knowledge. Grolier Online. Retrieved February 24, Archived from the original on February 13, Retrieved February 12, Archived from the original on April 14, Retrieved September 26, USA Today.
Archived from the original on July 6, Retrieved June 23, Learning For Life. BSA Discrimination. Archived from the original on June 9, Archived from the original PDF on March 27, Retrieved June 27, NBC News.
Retrieved October 11, Archived from the original PDF on October 12, Retrieved October 12, Archived from the original on October 12, ABC News.
October 12, Archived from the original on July 20, Retrieved July 20, Retrieved February 5, March 14, Archived from the original on December 26, Archived from the original on February 6, Retrieved May 25, June 6, Fox News Channel.
June 7, Scout Mission: The mission of the Boy Scouts of America is to prepare young people to make ethical and moral choices over their lifetimes by instilling in them the values of the Scout Oath and Scout Law.
Welcome to the Boy Scouts of America. Scouting is adventure, family, fun, character, leadership and so much more.
Scout me in. Find Scouting Near You. Play Video. Read our full statement here. Scouting Programs. Cub Scouting. Youth grades K—5. Scouts BSA.
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